African nations are highly susceptible to the prolongation of diseases and illnesses that can easily be eradicated or non-existing in Western countries. The Ebola epidemic that was believed to be have been halted in three of the hardest hit countries (Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea) has resurfaced in Guinea.
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) defines Ebola virus disease (EVD) as a rare and deadly viral illness that is reportable to the National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System (NNDSS) in all U.S. states and territories; early recognition of EVD is critical for infection control. Fatality rate varies from 25% to 90% depending on how early it was detected. Victims of Ebola develop a hemorrhagic fever that starts within a few hours internally and the signs and symptoms start as early as two days. The initial symptoms are fever, sore throat, pain and headaches, which then progress to vomiting, diarrhea and rash. All these symptoms lead to other bodily functions such as the liver and kidneys being decreased and the victim lose fluid at an alarming rate, which is trigger from low blood pressure. Their organs began to fail internally and externally. It’s important to dispose the body properly because direct contact with body fluids such as blood of an infect person can lead to contamination and infection to individuals who comes in contact with the infected person.
The World Health Organization (WHO) announced last week (March 18) that a mother and her 5-year-old son in Guinea have tested positive for Ebola. Furthermore, the patients, who have been transported to a treatment facility, were among the four surviving relatives health officials tested after three unexplained deaths in the family, the WHO noted (Vence 2016).
Many countries took preventive measures to protect their citizens. For example, some countries that were bordering the Ebola affected countries closed their boarders as well as halting flights from those in Ebola affect countries. With the new case in Guinea, Jonathan Paye-Layleh of BBC Africa, reports that Liberia has closed part of the border with Guinea. Minister Eugene Nagbe noted that the closure “will remain indefinite until we review the situation in Guinea.” Jonathan noted that despite parts of the border being closed, many people are doubtful that the border restriction will prevent the moving in and out of people.
The WHO continues to stress in a statement saying that Sierra Leone, as well as Liberia and Guinea, are still at risk of Ebola flare-ups, largely due to virus persistence in some survivors, and must remain on high alert and ready to respond. The WHO further emphasis that in order for there to be “zero” Ebola cases in the country and declare Ebola free, 42 days have passed since the last confirmed case has tested negative twice for the virus on blood samples. Also, “After the 42-day period has elapsed, each country should maintain a system of heightened surveillance for a further 90 days, and ensure ongoing EVD surveillance and notification thereafter” (WHO).
Liberia has endured